The killing of Goliath occurred when he was beheaded. A Prophet, a King, and a Deadly Plan . You can't do anything without me. It would seem that the animals David had faced were far braver than the men with Goliath, because they all turned and ran away (1 Samuel 17:51). This description helps us to understand why Saul and the rest of the Israelite army responded in fear (1 Sam. Change ). Praise the Lord for how He changes us! This article merely seeks to suggest another possibility based on the Hebrew. In this case we learn that Saul’s disobedience was even greater than we realized. One final observation. David’s decision to use a sling and wear no armor was a genius tactical decision. I appreciate the info on the LXX, I hadn’t checked that out. Goliath could easily kill David with his sword--but only if David were foolish enough to walk right up to Goliath. The other word, ish, refers to an adult male. Here is the problem. Further, even though David is already a warrior, there are doubtless more accomplished soldiers in the Israelite army. The author describes David as a soldier before his encounter with Goliath. However, v. 51 seems to provide greater detail by noting that (although David had no sword) he drew Goliath’s sword out of its sheath and killed him with it. David proceeded to hurry over and finish the task by cutting off Goliath’s head with his own sword (we know the stone didn’t kill him because 1 Sam. When David defeated the lion, it happened before the famous encounter between David and Goliath. So, if I haven’t lost you yet, please read the following arguments and then judge for yourself how you think David killed Goliath. This is a very interesting and thought provoking article. Here we go again. Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and KILLED HIM, and cut off his head with it. The KJV is not clear on the account, but … The command not to commit murder was directed toward a person taking action to achieve a goal, whether for greed or revenge. In this account, the shepherd David persuades Saul to let him fight Goliath on behalf of the Israelites. X David ran to the Philistine and stood over him ''And behold, David poppeth the holy cap in the evil posterior of the giant Goliath. Have him come down and face me. In regards to a knee incapacitating a person, rather than repeat my response here please see my response to a similar comment in this section. Another thing is that the weight isn’t even that much. Second, the brief glimpse of David in the king’s armor prefigures his royal destiny. Furthermore, Webster’s 1828 dictionary states parenthetically of the word “slay” (past tense “slew”): “The proper sense is to strike, and as beating was an early mode of killing, this word, like smite, came to signify to kill.” 1 I stood next to him during pre-game warm-ups and I came up to just above his waist. The height of Goliath, the nature of the Battle as a Champion Ordeal, etc.. Goliath Challenges the Israelites. David drops Goliath on his face to prostrate him before YHWH. As far as the “like pigs” interpretation, I am unfamiliar with this. ‭‭1 Samuel‬ ‭17:51‬ ‭NIV‬‬ However, I would encourage you to be less pessimistic regarding understanding the Bible when you state, “So, do we (normal Christians) really understand what the Bible means? The writer does this to surprise the reader. Here is the rest of what happened in Deem’s own words: “Thus the stone would hit the upper shin or knee and fall … These renderings of this popular event either zoom in on the moment that David slings the stone in Goliath’s direction, or the moment when David stands over Goliath to remove his head. I have an issue with overkill. Goliath was a tall, well equipped and experienced warrior. For example, once Saul agreed to allow David to fight Goliath, we are told that he clothed him in his armor and gave him a bronze helmet (1 Sam. In this (fictional) story, Judah the son of Jacob kills a heavily armored Canaanite king by striking him in the greave (chopping off his feet is another translation). God bless! Matthew 23:15, “I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. Different translations seem to say that he was killed,.. THEN had his head cut off. Relevance. The problem here is that false depictions of David have become such a part of our culture that we often believe them to be an accurate portrayal of the biblical account. People tell me, "The NIV is more accurate". Goliath was killed twice. We tend to envision shepherds as the teenagers we associate with the Nativity, but in David’s time, shepherds were the biggest, toughest guys around. I believe the narrative, in that Goliath was struck in the front of the head, with a stone, and fell forward. David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. David finished the job more quickly by using Goliath’s sword afterward. Associates for Biblical Research. I appreciate your opinion and your diligence in checking out other occurences of the Hebrew word. Once on the ground, it would be very difficult to get back up with 126 pounds of armor weighing you down. As he was very skilled with the sling. This is undoubtedly a questionable passage. David did not need a sword to kill the enemy. Appreciate your research on this topic. Posted by Dewayne Bryant in Apologetics, Archaeology, Bible, History. But how can a “greave” be a “forehead”? Notify me of follow-up comments by email. David killed Goliath with a slingshot.A second version of the story says that Elhanan, son of Jair, from Bethlehem, killed Goliath. God bless. I believe he wasn’t dead until removing the head. It’s quite simple: if you got hit in the forehead with a stone travelling with great velocity, which direction would you fall? Thanks again for your comments and for reading this article. Is that what you’re trying to say? The big issue is a defective spelling of the word Frontal and if you look closer at the grammatical issues you will see the problems. God bless! Third, and here is where I expect to lose you…the pictures show Goliath being hit in the forehead instead of where David’s stone probably hit him. Favourite answer. Unarmoured and equipped only with a sling, 5 smooth rocks, and his staff; David defeats the champion Goliath with a well-aimed shot to the head. [2] Alexander Rofé, “The Battle of David and Goliath: Folklore, Theology, Eschatology,” in Judaic Perspectives on Ancient Israel, ed. The only problem I have with it is your description of his armor weighing him down. http://bible.com/111/1sa.17.51.niv, ISR98 He didn’t. The NIV clearly says in 2 Samuel 21:19 that David did not kill Goliath. ("There was no sword in the had of David.") 2. This is how the term is used in extrabiblical literature as well. Probably not. The only thing I would add is that if the stone was buried in his knee, he wouldn’t be getting up quickly anyway and the weight of the armor, however much it might have been, wouldn’t have helped. It didn’t apply to defending self or fellow Israelites. #22 Joseph shall add, Jun 29, 2017. At two different times. He fell face down on the ground. 2 Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in Elah Valley, where they got ready to fight the Philistines. 46 This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you and take your head from you. 17:47). Little children know that David slew Goliath. So the Lord was with David in defeating the enemy. A staff sling can launch larger rocks at a higher velocity. I’d love to hear your thoughts. The Hebrew text (Jewish Publication Society translation) also says: 1 Sam 17:4, 23-24And there went out a champion from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. He is described as 'a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, whose height was six cubits and a span' (Samuel 17:4). The Bible Project There is a lot here to talk about. God had not promised that David would kill Goliath with the first stone. That may be true – I do know some words get mistranslated and then accepted as time goes forward; there is one thing I do know, thought- while David picked up the 5 stones, and slung one at Goliath, the power of God was behind that stone and it went exactly where God wanted it to go. A common “difficulty” or contradiction cited in the Bible is the fact that the text tells us David “killed” Goliath twice. Jonathan, Sauls son who had become David's best friend. I would have to disagree however that a shot to the leg would not incapacitate a warrior. Deem argues that the ancient Israelites had no word for “greave.” She reasons that since the curved shape of a greave had a similar shape to the helmet, that the Israelites simply adopted the word used for forehead. ... David declared he would kill Goliath in the name of the Lord. I would suggest the text strongly suggests and common sense would require that Goliath was either unconscious or completely incapacitated when he hit the ground. Then I came across a related video where some guys do some experiments to see how much more deadly a staff sling can be. In spite of the fact that Goliath only appears in one chapter in 1&2 Samuel, 4 verses are dedicated to describing his appearance. The weight doesn’t have much to do with it as the distribution of that weight does. This contributes to the theological theme of the story so eloquently expressed by David when he states, “Then all this assembly shall know that the Lord does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is the Lord’s, and He will give you into our hands” (NKJV–1 Sam. It sounds like a wonderful opportunity. This brings us to Saul’s description of David as a “youth.” This is understandable, given the fact that Saul is older and has sons that seem to be around David’s age. Thanks for your comments Al. Goliath (/ ɡ ə ˈ l aɪ ə θ / gə-LY-əth) is described in the biblical Book of Samuel as a Philistine giant defeated by the young David in single combat.The story signified Saul's unfitness to rule, as Saul himself should have fought for Israel. What happens when we have unquestionable passages? Further, the context of 2 Samuel 21:19 makes it clear that it is describing an entirely separate event from David’s slaying of Goliath in 1 Samuel 17:50. Two of the weapons he carried are also mentioned. But if I win and kill him, you will become our slaves and serve us.\" Goliath continued, \"This very day I dare the soldiers of Israel to send a man down to fight against me.\" - 1 Sam… Jaare-Oregim ( 2 Samuel 21:19 that David did n't kill Goliath very armor that have. David grew up to just above his waist those who responded to your,! Shot to the leg, even though David is already a warrior soldiers regularly 200+... 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