now not believed--or, "now been disobedient" that through your mercy--the mercy shown to you. 1 So, I ask this: ‘Has God turned away from his people?’ No, certainly, he has not done that! This conflict is that of the theology of grace and how it relates to God’s relationship with both Jews and Gentiles who had converted to Christianity. Romans 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. 2-4. 15. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. Mar 28, 2004. that ye should be ignorant of this mystery--The word "mystery," so often used by our apostle, does not mean (as with us) something incomprehensible, but "something before kept secret, either wholly or for the most part, and now only fully disclosed" (compare Romans 16:25 , 1 Corinthians 2:7-10 , Ephesians 1:9 Ephesians 1:10 , Ephesians 3:3-6 Ephesians 3:9 Ephesians 3:10 ). These things are so directly contrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. 17, 18. From Israel hath come all that thou art and hast in the family of God; for "salvation is of the Jews" ( John 4:22 ). yet now have obtained mercy through--by occasion of their. For who hath known the mind of the Lord?--See Job 15:8 , Jeremiah 23:18 . 9. Therefore, we shouldn’t regard it as spiritual Israel in Romans 11:26. i. I say then, Hath--"Did" God cast away his people? If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. of the root and fatness of the olive tree--the rich grace secured by covenant to the true seed of Abraham. But this is to confound the two things which the apostle carefully distinguishes. ... A Textual Commentary on … 11 I say then, () has God cast away His people? 18. The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, they rejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham and to God was, as it were, cut off. But in what sense are the now unbelieving and excluded children of Israel "beloved for the fathers' sakes?" And as believing Gentiles will be honored to be the instruments of this stupendous change, so shall the vast Gentile world reap such benefit from it, that it shall be like the communication of life to them from the dead. 32. (So THOLUCK, MEYER, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, ALFORD, HODGE). Introduction 1:1-17. Second. The former might, beforehand, have been thought very improbable; but, after that, no one can wonder at the latter. These were kept according to the election of grace. And David saith--( Psalms 69:23 ), which in such a Messianic psalm must be meant of the rejecters of Christ. The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written: “After this I will return and rebuild David’s fallen tent. and the diminishing of them--that is, the reduction of the true Israel to so small a remnant. Thou wilt say then--as a plea for boasting. (33-36). On this rich chapter, Note, (1) It is an unspeakable consolation to know that in times of deepest religious declension and most extensive defection from the truth, the lamp of God has never been permitted to go out, and that a faithful remnant has ever existed--a remnant larger than their own drooping spirits could easily believe ( Romans 11:1-5 ). But "the riches of God" is a much rarer expression with our apostle than the riches of this or that perfection of God; and the words immediately following limit our attention to the unsearchableness of God's "judgments," which probably means His decrees or plans ( Psalms 119:75 ), and of "His ways," or the method by which He carries these into effect. 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