Discussions over the Juvenile Law do not need to keep pace with the proceedings on the amendment to the election law, which has been jointly submitted to the Diet by the LDP-led ruling coalition and several opposition parties, and is likely to be enacted in the current Diet session. This interview reflects the personal opinions of the interviewer and interviewee. SS: These are huge decreases in less than a decade. Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! All cases involving a young person who is suspected of being guilty must be sent to the Family Court. In the 1980s, Japan had seen an uncharacteristic increase in juvenile crime, which was associated with bōsōzoku (暴走族), or biker gangs. Palmer, T. B. , & Lewis, R. V. (1980). AOMORI A 16-year-old boy who was arrested on suspicion of fatally stabbing his 49-year-old father at their home in Tsugaru City, Aomori Prefecture, in September, has been found mentally fit after two months of psychiatric evaluation and will be sent to a juvenile court. Do you think that the lower offending rates just reflect the smaller number of young people in Japan? YO: We’re also seeing fewer juvenile cases. Public opinion drove amendments to the Juvenile Act in 2000 and 2007 which made it more punitive. If you're not sure how to activate it, please refer to this site. Savage visited Japan as part of her research comparing juvenile justice in that famously low-crime nation and the United States. These groups, … SS: Given that a large number of the cases in the Family Court relate to minor offences such as shoplifting and bicycle theft, could the decline in juvenile cases relate to reluctance by police to prosecute offenders for such minor offences? 148 times more than Japan Violent crime > … The scope of cases for juvenile proceedings at family courts in which public prosecutors are allowed to be present has also been expanded. Juvenile justice in France is somewhat different from that in other countries; one judge deals exclusively with children in civil matters and with juvenile delinquents in criminal matters. © Asian Studies Association of Australia - Web Design, investigate and prosecute such minor crimes, Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory, Juveniles arrested (% of the number in 2007), Juveniles arrested for the first time (% of the number in 2007), Juveniles arrested who have already been convicted of an earlier offence (repeat offenders) (% of the number in 2007), Japanese population aged between 14 and 19 (% of the number in 2007). YO: The National Police Agency and Ministry of Justice collect statistics on criminal justice in Japan. This revision makes it possible to impose criminal punishment on 14- and 15-year-old criminal offenders, while those offenders aged 16–19 have always faced criminal punishment, both before and after the revision. If we exclude traffic offences and certain special criminal statutes, only 0.68 per cent of the young population committed a crime in 2014. So-called ‘initial crime’ (shohatsu gata hikō or 初発型非行) such as shoplifting and vehicle theft, which is said to be a gateway into further criminal behavior, declined by 60 per cent from 2007 to 2014; its rate of decline was the fastest compared to any other type of crime. Over the past few years, the people of Japan have been shocked by a series of horrific crimes committed by teenagers. But in line with the trend for harsher treatment and punishment for minor offenders in recent years, the proceedings are becoming more like criminal trials with attention mostly focusing on the criminal acts committed, the motives and the consequences. 広告出稿に関するおといあわせはこちらまで. Ms Yoshiko Ohmachi is a visiting research scholar at the Australian National University. Members of the LDP panel need to consider whether it is wise to deprive a certain segment of young offenders of the opportunity to receive education aimed at rehabilitation as provided by the Juvenile Law by lowering the maximum age of minors. Members of the panel should not make hasty decisions, but instead carefully weigh related issues, since lowering the maximum age of minors covered by the Juvenile Law will have repercussions in a wide range of areas, including criminal trial of minors, the police’s control of juvenile delinquents and child welfare. Over the last decade, juvenile crime has become a serious social problem in Japan. Photo: Neekoh.fi, Flickr. Staff cuts threaten ANU’s international reputation. The mean score for young people who were sent to a detention centre in Japan is 10.75 out of 42. Abstract: The research examined the incidence of murder and nonsexual violent crimes for … Japan News, articles, and discussions in Crime category. OJJDP-Produced, July 2020. The mean score of the category of substance abuse in the Japanese survey was also quite low at 0.07. It is now important to look at trends in the much smaller number of recorded juvenile crimes, how these are processed, and the disposals made. Remarkably little study has focused on the causative forces behind juvenile crime in Japan in an age of rapid economic growth More adults are in prison than child delinquents, mainly because of the low crime rate. According to the Juvenile Law of Japan, “Persons under 20 years of age are classified as juveniles and subject to special procedure” “Juvenile Criminal is a person who is 14-20 years old who committed a crime” (article 3, Paragraph 1, item 1, of the Juvenile Law) (Article 3, Paragraph 1, item 2 of the Juvenile Act) • Juvenile crime is characteristic by the relatively young age of most those involved. Steele (left) with Yoshiko Ohmachi and Prof. Alison Young, Director of the Masters of Criminology Program, University of Melbourne. The reason is that the criminal justice agencies, (i.e. Under a 2014 revision, the upper limit of imprisonment for a definite term for a minor 17 years of age or younger was raised from 15 years to 20 years. YO: Well, one of the reasons may be the sensational media coverage of a few, but shocking, crimes. (JDH) Policing polices can have an effect on offending rates. It has broken from Chinese law and seeks new models from the West. This neglect has contributed to … This trend is expected to continue with the shrinking of the youth population due to the nation’s low fertility rate. Is that really the case? On Monday, LPD assigned investigators from the crimes against … YO: I have heard some people argue that the decreasing number of young offenders is just because of the decreasing number of younger people in Japan. Sorry, but your browser needs Javascript to use this site. This analysis helps clarify the juvenile justice process in Japan, and shed light on the theory and practice of reintegrative shaming. Recultured podcast, Directory of who’s who in the world of business in Japan. SS: Finally and on a personal note, what is the biggest challenge in your role as a Family Court probation officer from your perspective? The original purpose of family court proceedings for juvenile offenders was to decide whether they should be placed on probation or sent to correctional or welfare facilities— instead of being handed criminal punishments — by taking into account their family background, life history and the possibility of rehabilitation. As Figure 3 shows, cleared offences in Japan decreased 9% overall from 330,126 in 2000, to 301,331 in 2012. Featured image Statements do not represent the views or policies of our employers, past or present, or any other organisation with which we are affiliated. 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